Some Essential Facts About Gastric Bypass Surgery

Publié par hamza lion lundi 11 janvier 2016

By Pamela Graham


There are many surgical options that are available to help with weight problems. Gastric bypass surgery is one of the operations offered in New York City. As the name suggests, this is a procedure in which the small intestine is used to separate the stomach into two parts, a smaller upper portion and a larger lower portion. The procedure is not only carried out on people suffering from extreme obesity but also benefits those with related to it such as diabetes, hypertension, and sleep apnea.

The purpose of a small upper pouch is to limit the amount of food that can be consumed. It is important to partition the stomach completely so as to ensure the two separate portions do not reunite in the course of healing as this will render the surgery meaningless. Laparoscopy is the most common and current technique used in the operation mainly because of minimal invasion.

Complications are bound to arise either in the course of the procedure or post operatively. The complications may be specific to bariatric surgeries or may be general to all other major abdominal procedures. It is important to know what complications to expect in order to weigh the risks and mortality of the same. Laparoscopic procedures are usually more preferred since it comes with less risk compared to open operations.

Bacteria present in the bowel may be released during the procedure, putting the patient at risk of infections. Additionally, the open incisions made expose one to infections, especially if sterility is not well observed. Hospital acquired infections such as pneumonia, sepsis, kidney and bladder infections may also occur. Short term use of antibiotics and focused respiratory therapy can help in management.

Blood tends to clot more during an operation to counter the bleeding that occurs as result of incisions made. The clots frequently form in leg veins and sometimes the pelvis for the very obese patient. Unfortunately, the blood clots may get dislodged and travel to the lungs posing a serious threat to the health of the individual. Anticoagulants are usually given preoperatively to minimise chance of venous thromboembolism.

Abdominal surgeries may also be associated with bleeding, bowel obstruction and hernias. Hemorrhage can be attributed to blood vessel rupture during the procedure. Arrangements should therefore be made preoperatively to make blood available for transfusion if needed. The types of hernias that occur in such cases are known as incisional hernias and are likely to occur when the surgical wound fails to heal as expected. These are not only painful but can also cause kinking of the bowel.

If done successfully, the operation yields remarkable results. Research shows that at least sixty five percent of excess body weight is lost which is far more than can be achieved by any other method. Additionally, the effects of related medical conditions are markedly reduced. For instance, snoring significantly reduces in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea and medication requirements in people with essential hypertension are significantly reduced.

People who have had this kind of operation tend to be challenged both emotionally and physiologically. These individuals may suffer from depression because of reduced amounts of food which they are not used to. Also, they tend to lose balance and get easily fatigued due to muscle weakness as a result of low protein and energy levels. The good news is that these problems fade with time when the individual eventually gets adjusted.




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lundi 11 janvier 2016

Some Essential Facts About Gastric Bypass Surgery

Posted by hamza lion 14:20, under | No comments

By Pamela Graham


There are many surgical options that are available to help with weight problems. Gastric bypass surgery is one of the operations offered in New York City. As the name suggests, this is a procedure in which the small intestine is used to separate the stomach into two parts, a smaller upper portion and a larger lower portion. The procedure is not only carried out on people suffering from extreme obesity but also benefits those with related to it such as diabetes, hypertension, and sleep apnea.

The purpose of a small upper pouch is to limit the amount of food that can be consumed. It is important to partition the stomach completely so as to ensure the two separate portions do not reunite in the course of healing as this will render the surgery meaningless. Laparoscopy is the most common and current technique used in the operation mainly because of minimal invasion.

Complications are bound to arise either in the course of the procedure or post operatively. The complications may be specific to bariatric surgeries or may be general to all other major abdominal procedures. It is important to know what complications to expect in order to weigh the risks and mortality of the same. Laparoscopic procedures are usually more preferred since it comes with less risk compared to open operations.

Bacteria present in the bowel may be released during the procedure, putting the patient at risk of infections. Additionally, the open incisions made expose one to infections, especially if sterility is not well observed. Hospital acquired infections such as pneumonia, sepsis, kidney and bladder infections may also occur. Short term use of antibiotics and focused respiratory therapy can help in management.

Blood tends to clot more during an operation to counter the bleeding that occurs as result of incisions made. The clots frequently form in leg veins and sometimes the pelvis for the very obese patient. Unfortunately, the blood clots may get dislodged and travel to the lungs posing a serious threat to the health of the individual. Anticoagulants are usually given preoperatively to minimise chance of venous thromboembolism.

Abdominal surgeries may also be associated with bleeding, bowel obstruction and hernias. Hemorrhage can be attributed to blood vessel rupture during the procedure. Arrangements should therefore be made preoperatively to make blood available for transfusion if needed. The types of hernias that occur in such cases are known as incisional hernias and are likely to occur when the surgical wound fails to heal as expected. These are not only painful but can also cause kinking of the bowel.

If done successfully, the operation yields remarkable results. Research shows that at least sixty five percent of excess body weight is lost which is far more than can be achieved by any other method. Additionally, the effects of related medical conditions are markedly reduced. For instance, snoring significantly reduces in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea and medication requirements in people with essential hypertension are significantly reduced.

People who have had this kind of operation tend to be challenged both emotionally and physiologically. These individuals may suffer from depression because of reduced amounts of food which they are not used to. Also, they tend to lose balance and get easily fatigued due to muscle weakness as a result of low protein and energy levels. The good news is that these problems fade with time when the individual eventually gets adjusted.




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