What Every Man Should Know About Prostate Cancer Treatment Options

Publié par hamza lion jeudi 9 juillet 2015

By Olive Pate


Cancer is uncontrolled cell growth, regardless of its location in the body. These abnormal cells can invade other healthy tissues, including the prostate gland, an organ that plays a role in the male reproductive system. This type of cancer is rarely fatal but as many as one out of five adult males will develop the disease, according to published statistics. Men who have been diagnosed by a licensed physician need to explore prostate cancer treatment options.

Many factors will determine how the physician chooses to treat a patient with this disease. The patient's overall health, as well as age, may affect the healthcare professional's decision. The physician factors in whether the diagnosis is new or the disease is recurring. The physician will inform the patient about all the possible and expected side effects of each treatment.

If a screening test reveals this condition in older men who are not experiencing symptoms, the physician will monitor the patient closely without treatment until the condition changes. Waiting for symptoms to show before treating is known as watchful waiting. Active surveillance is monitoring a patient with regular testing. Test results alert the patient and his physician if the disease starts to get worse or spread.

Hormone therapy can be effective for limiting the levels of male hormones that can promote cancer cell growth. Physicians can prescribe various drugs to block the production of testosterone in the testicles or to inhibit the action of androgens. Some men will have one or both testicles removed to eliminate the largest source of testosterone.

If the disease has not yet spread from the gland, surgical removal of all or part of the gland is an option. The surgeon may remove nearby lymph nodes, seminal vesicles, and tissue surrounding the prostate at the same time. Various surgical techniques are used depending on the procedure's scope and goal.

Many types of cancers, including this one, respond well to radiation. Physicians have sophisticated new ways to target radiation therapy directly to the diseased cells. These procedures can often save surrounding healthy tissue from exposure to radioactive materials. Radium-223 injections are used to kill cells that have migrated to bone tissue. Physicians may inject radioactive seeds directly into the prostate gland or use an external radiation machine to target the area.

Chemotherapy attacks growth with drugs taken orally or injected into muscles or veins. Sometimes the physician injects the drugs into the cerebrospinal fluid or delivers it directly to the affected organ. The method of delivery and drugs used depend on the stage and type of cancer the physician is treating.

Patients and their doctors should discuss the various options, possible side effects, and lifestyle to decide on the best therapy. Some patients may be eligible to participate in clinical trials for newly developed therapies. High intensity ultrasound, cryotherapy, and proton beam radiation therapy are three methods of treatment under study by medical researchers. Patients may not be good candidates for trials but their physicians should be able to tell them about any studies they can apply for based on their diagnosis.




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jeudi 9 juillet 2015

What Every Man Should Know About Prostate Cancer Treatment Options

Posted by hamza lion 16:56, under | No comments

By Olive Pate


Cancer is uncontrolled cell growth, regardless of its location in the body. These abnormal cells can invade other healthy tissues, including the prostate gland, an organ that plays a role in the male reproductive system. This type of cancer is rarely fatal but as many as one out of five adult males will develop the disease, according to published statistics. Men who have been diagnosed by a licensed physician need to explore prostate cancer treatment options.

Many factors will determine how the physician chooses to treat a patient with this disease. The patient's overall health, as well as age, may affect the healthcare professional's decision. The physician factors in whether the diagnosis is new or the disease is recurring. The physician will inform the patient about all the possible and expected side effects of each treatment.

If a screening test reveals this condition in older men who are not experiencing symptoms, the physician will monitor the patient closely without treatment until the condition changes. Waiting for symptoms to show before treating is known as watchful waiting. Active surveillance is monitoring a patient with regular testing. Test results alert the patient and his physician if the disease starts to get worse or spread.

Hormone therapy can be effective for limiting the levels of male hormones that can promote cancer cell growth. Physicians can prescribe various drugs to block the production of testosterone in the testicles or to inhibit the action of androgens. Some men will have one or both testicles removed to eliminate the largest source of testosterone.

If the disease has not yet spread from the gland, surgical removal of all or part of the gland is an option. The surgeon may remove nearby lymph nodes, seminal vesicles, and tissue surrounding the prostate at the same time. Various surgical techniques are used depending on the procedure's scope and goal.

Many types of cancers, including this one, respond well to radiation. Physicians have sophisticated new ways to target radiation therapy directly to the diseased cells. These procedures can often save surrounding healthy tissue from exposure to radioactive materials. Radium-223 injections are used to kill cells that have migrated to bone tissue. Physicians may inject radioactive seeds directly into the prostate gland or use an external radiation machine to target the area.

Chemotherapy attacks growth with drugs taken orally or injected into muscles or veins. Sometimes the physician injects the drugs into the cerebrospinal fluid or delivers it directly to the affected organ. The method of delivery and drugs used depend on the stage and type of cancer the physician is treating.

Patients and their doctors should discuss the various options, possible side effects, and lifestyle to decide on the best therapy. Some patients may be eligible to participate in clinical trials for newly developed therapies. High intensity ultrasound, cryotherapy, and proton beam radiation therapy are three methods of treatment under study by medical researchers. Patients may not be good candidates for trials but their physicians should be able to tell them about any studies they can apply for based on their diagnosis.




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